10 Secrets of Great Works of Art And Architecture That 90% of People Ignore
There are works of art and architecture that we know from our childhood. Now, if we study them in detail, we can discover mysterious and unknown aspects.
An apartment on the top floors of the Eiffel Tower
Gustave Eiffel, the creator of the famous monument, has built and furnished, on one of the top floors, his own apartment. He used it to rest or to welcome guests. One day, for example,he had a long conversation with Thomas Edison in his living room.
This small apartment has a kitchen, a bathroom, a living room and, of course, a magnificent view of the city of Paris. Today, it hosts a museum with wax statues of Eiffel and Edison.
The broken chain at the feet of the Statue of Liberty
France made a gift of the Statue of Liberty to the United States, to commemorate the hundred years of the revolution. It symbolizes freedom, democracy and the abolition of slavery, represented precisely by the broken chains at its feet.
The Mona Lisa Isleworth
Everyone knows today that many artists have tried to copy the Mona Lisa throughout history. But it is also believed that Da Vinci himself has made several versions of his famous portrait, including this painting. It’s not a copy,but of a distinct work. In fact, the second painting has a slightly different perspective that can create a 3D effect. It is possible that the clothes and the landscape were painted by another artist or even several. According to scientists,it is more likely a previous version of the Mona Lisa exhibited at the Louvre.
The time capsule on Mount Rushmore
During the construction of this architectural monument,Gutzon Borglum wanted to build inside the cliff a Room of the Chronicles: a secret chamber where the future generations would find the documents and the fundamental information of the History of the United States. To do this, he carved a cave in the rock behind the bust of Abraham Lincoln. Sadly Borglum died soon after, and his work remained unfinished.
In 1998, 50 years after his death, copies of the most important documents and presidents’ memoirs were placed in this unfinished room, which is now a time capsule.
The original appearance of the Grand Sphynx
The Great Sphinx is the oldest statue in the world. At first, it was covered by a colorful painting that today is visible only on the back part of an ear. The Sphinx also had a nose and a false beard. You can see fragments at the British Museum and the Cairo Museum.
There is a theory that the Sphinx possessed at first a lion’s head: the human head would have been cut long afterwards, which would explain the erroneous proportions between the body, which is enormous, and the head, which is too small proportionally.
The creation of the Tower of Pisa
The famous tower hides a lot of secrets. We all know that she is inclined. But no one knows exactly who built the tower of the bell tower of the cathedral of Pisa. One of the reasons for this mystery is the fact that the construction lasted almost 200 years.
Historians say that the plan of construction was developed by Bonanno Pisano, but it is more than likely that a certain Diotisalvi is really the author: he made the drawing of the baptistery, located next to the tower, and realized in the same style.
The face of “Danaé” by Rembrandt
Rembrandt began painting “Danae” two years after her marriage to Saskia van Uylenburgh. The artist had painted his wife in many of his works. But the resemblance of the mythological character with Saskia remained for a long time a mystery, because it was not as clear as in other works of the artist, made in 1630.
The style of this masterpiece was also closer to a later stage of the author’s work.
Only recently has the mystery been solved. By examining the author’s work with X-rays, the resemblance of the figure in the painting to Rembrandt’s wife turned out to be much clearer.
It turns out that the painter changed the painting after the death of his wife, when he fell in love with another woman, Geertje Dircx. Danae’s face had been changed so that he showed the features of his two loves at once.
The name of the most famous attraction in England
Technically speaking, the name “Big Ben” does not mean the whole tower, but only the huge bell inside. The official name of the bell tower was, until 2012, “Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster”. At the moment,this building is officially called “The Tower of Elizabeth”.
To this day, nobody knows why the bell was nicknamed The Big Ben. According to some, it was done in honor of the sire who directed the manufacture of the latter: a tall man nicknamed “Big Ben”.
But another theory is that this is rather in honor of a heavyweight champion called Ben Caunt.
The color of the bridge “Golden Gate”
The Golden Gate is probably the most photographed bridge in the world. The United States Navy was slow to agree to start construction. When that It was finally approved, and the army wanted the bridge to be painted with black and yellow lines so that it could be distinguished on foggy days. Finally, bridge architect Irving Morrow was able to persuade the military to paint him in deep orange. This allows not only to see it whatever the weather conditions,
but it also gives it a very attractive appearance.
The sky in the work The cry
The original name of the legendary painting painted by Edvard Munch was The Scream of Nature. In his journal, the artist wrote:
“… all of a sudden, the sky turned red like blood, I leaned on a palisade, dead tired …I saw blood and tongues of fire rushing on a dark blue fjord and a city … “
In 2003, a group of astronomers speculated that the red color that so moved the author was caused by the eruption of the Cracatau volcano in 1883. A large number of volcanic ash was scattered in the atmosphere. Following this eruption, people have watched shining sunsets like flames all over the world for many years.